Starting A Freshwater Aquarium


If you are thinking about starting a freshwater aquarium, you will need to know what the terms are that people who have freshwater aquariums use. If you do not know these terms, then you may not be successful at keeping your fish healthy and happy.
Here are some of the important terms you should know:
Aerator - This is a device that adds oxygen to the water in your aquarium. They come in various shapes and sizes. Mine is a tube that lies underneath the substrate and bubbles up through the substrate adding oxygen to the water.
Algae - Is a single cell plant present in all aquariums. I add algae eaters to my aquarium to keep the algae to a minimum.
Ammonia - Is a chemical created by the decay of fish waste and excess fish food. This can be toxic to your fish but is consumed by the bacteria in your tank keeping the ammonia levels at zero ppm.
Bacterial Bloom - This is when the bacteria in your aquarium reach such a large population that they can be seen as cloudy water in your aquarium.
Filter - This is a device that takes water from your tank, filters the water to remove contaminants, and then returns the water to your tank. Bacteria colonies reside on the filters and grab up ammonia and nitrites as they go through the filter.
Heaters - Are submerged tubes with electrodes that keep your water at a constant temperature.
Ick - Is a common disease that could affect your freshwater fish in your aquarium. It is a parasitic disease that creates white spots on your fish.
Nitrates - When the bacteria in your tank consume nitrites they produce nitrates. The nitrates, at low levels, are not that toxic to your fish. They are removed by your aquatic plants and when you change out the water in the aquarium.
Nitrites - When the bacteria consumes ammonia the by-product is toxic nitrites. The bacteria in your aquarium will consume the nitrites.
Nitrogen Cycle - Also called the biological cycle, start up cycle, break-in cycle, nitrification, or cycling, is the process of creating beneficial bacteria that will consume toxic ammonia and nitrites. All successful aquariums will go through this process.
H - Is a measure of the acidity or alkalinity of the aquariums water. Tropical freshwater fish like the pH at 6.5 to 7.9.
Substrate - This is that stuff at the bottom of your aquarium usually made of gravel or sand. I prefer gravel because it is easier to clean. Substrate means a substance that is acted upon in a biochemical reaction. The stuff at the bottom of your aquarium is called substrate because of the bacteria that is attached to it. This bacterium is created during the nitrogen cycle.

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  6. Parts of the freshwater aquarium should be completed before you put any fish in it. Preparing it properly is the best way to keep the animals alive and well. If you have a bigger aquarium though, and a larger amount of fish, you would need more aerators to give them oxygen.

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  7. I really love your posts about this topic. I love fishes especially those cute fishes in the aquarium. If you love plants an easy way to get started with a planted tank is to but some hornwort, or cabomba and stick a weighted bunch at each end of the tank and voila a planted tank. This is by no means a masterpiece of gardening, but can make for a decent tank. These plants grow pretty quickly and can remove a lot of nitrates from the water, which can be particularly useful for dirty fish like a goldfish.

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  9. This is a big help for those who are planning to build a live aquarium especially those who are Biology students. However, understanding those terms above adds knowledge for those who did not understand the scientific terms. I really find this article fascinating and informative.

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  10. Starting a freshwater aquarium is not easy but is very convenient for fishes in the aquarium, let's consider that they are also living things that needs care like us people. Thank you for this info.

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  11. Before, I thought just letting the fish live inside a glass container with water in it and regular feeding of pellets is enough. Upon reading this post, I came to know a lot of information regarding essential things needed to be kept inside the aquarium together with the fish in order not to deprive it from its natural habitat.

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  12. I really didn't know that there are so many advantages in letting your pet fish live such a freshwater aquarium! Thanks for enumerating such terms and defining it the easiest way possible. I really enjoy reading your blog. Keep it up!

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  13. Maintenance is very important. Spend once a week cleaning the aquarium for the safety of your fish. Some people only care feeding but not cleaning. Having an aquarium is a responsibility.

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  14. Interesting. Your instructions look clear but I'm not very good at this so I hope this will work well for me. Thanks for the tips! :)

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  19. This article is very interesting to read on. It offers information about how to have a good start to have and maintain aquariums and not wasting even small parts. Keep it up to write more.

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  20. Just like fish, live plants do best when they are kept in an aquarium that best suits their needs. Selecting live plants that share common water parameters will minimize problems and will make it easier for you to maintain ideal water conditions.

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  21. Nice post, things explained in details. Thank You.

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